The Science behind Wearing Socks to Bed

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The Science behind Wearing Socks to Bed

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Sleeping in socks has a lot to do with science and psychology than personal preference. Studies show that donning socks before going to bed can help in balancing body temperature at night. Other advantages mentioned by a host of studies include easing symptoms of menopause and Raynaud’s disease. 

Temperature Regulation 

Because human beings are endotherms, body temperature regulates itself.  During the day, your brain works to maintain your body temperature at 98.6 degree(37°C). However, this temperature may vary throughout the day with a drop at night. While you sleep, the temperature reaches its lowest point, only to begin rising the moment you wake up in the morning.  

The ideal temperature at night is 60F for the facilitation of a natural drop in temperature. Should your body be too cold or too hot, you will most likely wake up. With this in mind, should you sleep in socks? Well, the answer is yes. When your feet are warmed before you fall asleep, vasodilation is facilitated in the lower body extremities. When blood vessel dilation occurs, heat is redistributed in the body leading to temperature regulation. Because of darkness and a lowered core body temperature, melatonin production is increased, instructing the body to sleep.  

Science shows that sleeping in socks also reduces the time it takes for you to fall asleep by 15 minutes. The warming effect offered by the socks causes thermoregulation. This prevents the occurrence of night sweats and hot flashes. The traditional Chinese medicine suggests that sleeping in socks boosts qi, an energy flow that helps in blood circulation. In fact, a study done by the University of Groningen shows that wearing socks to bed increases the chances of orgasm from 50 to 80percent.  

Comfortable Sleep 

According to science, sleeping in socks goes beyond physiology basis. What you wear to bed and how you wear it makes you feel a certain way. Socks add an aspect of warmth and comfort, the key ingredients of a sound sleep. Warmer feet are theorized to cool the blood at night to 35.8 degrees Celsius from the average 37, a process that recreates the temperature patterns in the body. For older people, the onset of sleep can be accelerated with socks.  

Menopause Symptoms Reduced 

Some menopausal women have reported reduced effects of menopausal symptoms. It may seem a counterintuitive theory that trying to get your feet warm when you sleep can reduce the intensity of the symptoms. But; understand that warm feet promote the circulation of blood thereby regulating body temperature. The core body temperature drops as you sleep by a few degrees, and during menopause, the effects can be worse  

As the temperatures drop, the hormones of someone going through menopause are already off-balance and are likely to overreact, telling the body to heat up. When your feet are covered, this temperature is controlled stopping your body from working too hard to maintain a balance. The symptoms of hot flashes include:  

  • Palpitations 
  • Sudden intense warmth 
  • Flushing of the face 
  • Sweating  

Because by wearing socks at night your body is able to regulate temperatures, hot flushes may be prevented. High temperatures tend to counteract hormonal changes likely to give rise to flushes. 

Control of Raynaud’s Symptoms 

If you frequently have cold feet and hands, it could be a sign of Raynaud’s disease. This is a condition known to affect the blood vessels in your skin. When stressed or cold, the symptoms are more likely to show. This is because, during the attack, blood flow to the feet and hands is reduced. Following this, your feet and hands may change color to blue or white and feel numb. With this disease, wearing socks before going to sleep can reduce the symptoms.   

The Drawbacks of Wearing Socks to Bed 

The drawback associated with wearing socks at night is grabbing the wrong type. First, avoid thick socks which could prevent airflow. Natural sock fibers such as cashmere or merino wool are the best.  Ensure they are not tight. Sleeping in tight socks can constrict blood flowsHeated socks should also be avoided because these can quickly lead to overheating.  

Note: sleeping in socks does not mean jumping under your bedding with the pair you have had on all day. Understand that socks worn all day are sweaty even if you don’t feel it and can introduce bacteria to your feet. Always wear a clean pair of socks to bed. Before slipping pair of socks on your feet, dry them first to prevent the buildup of bacteria which could eventually lead to fungal infections.   

Should you Wear Compression Socks at Night? 

As much as compression socks are great at improving circulation, they should not be worn at night. They can be worn all day but remove them before bedtime. Because they are designed to move blood flow from your feet, sleeping in them can lead to blocked blood flow.   

Alternatives to Sleeping in Socks 

If you are averse to sleeping in socks and find them uncomfortable in bed, there are other tricks you can try such as: 

  • Wearing warm slippers before getting to bed 
  • Soaking your feet in a warm foot bath 
  • Placing a hot water bottle next to your feet 
  • Covering your feet with a warm blanket 
  • Showering 1 hour or 2 before sleeping 

If you choose to use heated socks, ensure they are not overheated. Should they have too much heat, they could burn your skin. Wearing socks to bed does not have to be uncomfortable, especially if you choose a pair that is not too tight.  

Every adult should typically sleep for about 7-9 hours each night. Poor sleeping habits can impact mood, concentration, and memory negatively. It could also increase the risk of depression, obesity, and heart disease. Cold feet could be the reason you cannot sleep well. This is because they constrict the blood vessels causing less circulation. The National Sleep Foundation recommends that you warm your feet before getting to bed to enable your brain to get the signal that it is bedtime.”  

Skin Problems Linked to Insulin Resistance and Diabetes

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Skin Problems Linked to Insulin Resistance and Diabetes

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Skin complications occur when blood sugar levels are too high. This could mean that you have pre-diabetes or undiagnosed diabetes. For example, if you have a diabetic condition that is causing facial or skin rash, this could be a sign that the current treatment of your illness needs to be adjusted.

Most skin conditions developed by diabetes patients can affect anyone. Examples of some of them include fungal and bacterial infections. However, there are some which are more pronounced in diabetes patients such as eruptive xanthomatosis, skin rash, and necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum.

Skin Problems in Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes with hyperglycemia may have poor blood circulation, which in turn reduces the flow of blood to the skin. It can also result in damaged nerves and blood vessels. The poor flow of blood can also change the skin’s collagen and decrease the ability of the white blood cells to fight infections. Skin texture and ability to heal are thus limited.

What to Look out for

Studies show that at least one-third of people with diabetes will at some point experience skin conditions linked to the disease. It is therefore crucial that diabetes sufferers watch out for the following signs.

  • Wounds that are slow to heal
  • Skin changes such as an eruption of a rash
  • Cuts that appear infected
  • Skin Conditions Associated with Diabetes

There are several complications associated with diabetes type 2, most of which are harmless. Some, however, are persistent and painful requiring the attention of a health professional. For most of the conditions, the management of blood sugar levels is all that is needed. Creams and steroids may be recommended in critical conditions. Some of the conditions common in diabetes type 2 include:

Bacterial Infections

Although bacterial infections are common in everyone, they can be problematic in people with diabetes. These are characterized by a rash, swelling that can be painful to the touch, and redness. Should the blood glucose level be elevated, they are likely to increase in number and size. Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are the two common bacteria responsible for skin infections.

Fungal Infections

These are caused by the spread of yeast around the skin when there is poor control of the blood glucose. When you have yeast infection, particularly candida albicans, you will notice red itchy patches in certain parts of your body such as the legs, feet, chest, stomach, underarm, among others. These patches may be swollen and itchy. You are also likely to notice dry scales and blisters around them especially in the feet.

Fungus thrives best under the breasts in diabetes patients, warm folds of the skin, underarms, the groin, and the foreskin of the penis. It is also commonly noticeable on the corners of the mouth. You might feel as if the corners of your mouth have cuts, known as angular cheilitis. Yeast infection such as thrush and athlete’s foot are common among people with diabetes. Fungal infection is also referred to as ringworm, deriving its name from the ring-like rash that is formed around the skin. Seek treatment immediately to prevent the occurrence of frequent infections.

Allergic Reactions

Bug bites, diabetes medication, and certain foods can cause allergic reactions on the skin. It is essential that you check the area in which you inject insulin, for bumps or rash.

Diabetic Dermopathy

Also known as shin spots, diabetic dermopathy is marked by light-brown or red circular patches appearing on the shins and other parts of the body that are bony such as the ankles. Damage to the small blood vessels is responsible for this condition. These vessels transport oxygen and nutrients to the tissues. Although it does not require medication, it does not disappear even after blood sugars have been stabilized.

Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum

NLD is a skin condition that can result from changes in the blood vessels. It is characterized by a rash similar to that if diabetic dermopathy, but here they are fewer and larger. Before becoming completely visible, you will notice a rash-like bump forming on the surface of your skin. The bump is often red and dull. After a while, the blood vessels under the affected area may be clear. NLD can be painful and itchy.

Bullosis Diabeticorum

Simply, these are blisters common in diabetes patients. They are more likely to form on the legs, fingers, hands, feet, neck, and arms. They appear as some form of burn and can be large but painless. Within three weeks, the blisters do clear once blood sugar is controlled. They are common among people with chronic diabetes and those with diabetic neuropathy.

Disseminated Granuloma Annulare

This is a skin condition characterized by ring-like raised shapes on the skin. The rash is mostly noticeable on the ears and the fingers. It can also occur on the stomach and the chest. This rash is mostly red-brown, red, or skin colored. There are multiple online images and pictures you can refer to linked to diabetes type 2.

Eruptive Xanthomatosis

With uncontrolled diabetes, you are at risk of developing eruptive xanthomatosis. These are yellow, firm rash-like growths that mostly form on the back of your arms, your foot, and hands. You will notice a red formation around them with an itchy feeling. These sores can be quickly treated through the control of blood glucose.

Preventing the Skin Conditions

The first line of defense against these skin conditions is to keep your blood glucose levels in check. You must also follow your doctor’s guideline on nutrition, exercise, and medication. A regular skin care routine can also come in handy in reducing the occurrence of these skin problems.

Each time you notice any skin problem such as rash, it is important to discuss with a dermatologist before purchasing over the counter medication. Some skin conditions can lead to severe complications if left untreated. Take a diabetes test if you have not been diagnosed and work closely with a medical professional to learn how to control your condition with medications, exercise, and diet. You can get a photo or a picture of each condition online for more information.

Should You Worry About Sock Indentation Marks On Your Legs?

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Should You Worry About Sock Indentation Marks On Your Legs?

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If you wear very tight socks, sock marks will appear on your legs the moment you remove them after a long day.  However, your legs may be signaling underlying health conditions. Peripheral edema is one of them.  If the marks are mild and do not happen often, then you should not worry. If the marks recur or the swelling gets worse, it could be a sign of a chronic health problem such as diabetes or heart disease.  

Sock indentation marks often take the exact shape of the socks worn. These indentations are not normal even when they happen occasionally and should be evaluated by a health professional.  

Peripheral Edema is The Most Common Trigger  

Your feet, ankle, and lower legs are the most common places you will see edema resulting from fluid buildup in your body. Defined as palpable swelling resulting from increased fluid volumes in a tissue, it can happen in any part of your body. But because of the forces of gravity, it appears as painless swelling in the lower extremities of your body. Understand that there is localized and generalized edema. Generalized appears in the form of collected fluid volumes in many body organs, and localized occurs in certain parts of your body. Leg edema is the most common localized type.  

 Peripheral edema is not painful and is mostly caused by a systemic problem within your kidney or heart or issues with veins within the area affected. If you only have swellings in the legs without pitting, you could be having problems with your lymphatic system or thyroid. Pitting edema is when indentations are left when pressure is applied behind on the skinThe skin around the affected area may feel heavy and tight, and could also appear stretched and shiny.  

How Does Peripheral Edema Occur? 

Edema occurs when fluid from the capillaries flow inside the interstitial spaceThe condition can be a clinical sign of various diseases, with its progression often accompanied by physiological changes. It is a process triggered by increased pressure within the smallest blood vessels – the capillaries. Capillaries distribute oxygenated blood to tissues and transport it to the veins from the tissues.  

Pressure build-up within the capillaries forces water out of the blood vessels and distribute it in the tissues. This then leads to an increase of protein in the blood causing more fluid to be pushed back to the vessels. The factors contributing to the formation of periphery edema include: 

  • Obstructed lymphatic drainage 
  • Increased hydrostatic pressure 
  • Increased vessel wall permeability 
  • Water retention in tissues 
  • Increased tissue oncotic pressure

What Causes Peripheral Edema? 

Older people are at a higher risk of having large collections of fluid around the feet. Standing or sitting for too long can also cause swelling. After taking off shoes or socks, you may notice socks indentation marks. The signs are not always a cause for worry, unless the pitting does not clear up quickly. One of the most serious causes of peripheral edema is venous insufficiency. Certain antidepressants such as blood pressure medications can also contribute to the occurrence of edema. Should you swell when you’re under medication, let your doctor know.   

Venous Insufficiency  

Venous insufficiency is a condition that can be signaled by swollen feet and sock indentation marks. If you have had clots in your legs, you may be at risk of this condition. When the walls of the veins inside your legs become weak, and the valves repelling blood into your veins get damaged, venous insufficiency is likely to occur. Because of the damage to the valves, some of the blood flows back and collects in the veins of the legs and feet. Compression stockings, in this case, will be necessary to maintain a steady flow of blood. Avoid tight socks that could leave indentations behind.  

When to See Your Doctor 

Persistent peripheral edema needs a physical examination for proper diagnosis. Because some conditions linked to sock marks and swelling are serious, the underlying cause needs to be established. Edema resolves after the treatment of the underlying cause. A detailed medical history, imaging tests, urine, and blood tests may be needed.   

If only one leg is affected, there could be a possibility of cellulitis. Sock marks could also be a sign of existing blood clots in the leg, a condition known as deep vein thrombosis. Report this to your doctor immediately to prevent the clot from finding its way to the lungs. Should it settle in your lungs, pulmonary embolism, a fatal condition could set in.   

Peripheral edema becomes more apparent with age and can often be controlled with home care such as elevating the legs, limiting the dietary intake of sodium, and standing less. If it persists, it may be a signal of severe illnesses such as congestive heart failure. Reporting sock marks to your doctor early enough can be a means of preventing edema complications.  

Should Diabetics Wear Compression Socks?

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Should Diabetics Wear Compression Socks?

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If you have diabetes, then you understand how basic overall healthcare is, with special attention to keeping your diabetic condition in check. With diabetes, your feet, legs, and ankles are exposed to edema (swelling) resulting from poor blood circulation.  

Compression socks can help in controlling edema and other foot problems associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. A good pair of socks especially those with compression can be a great accessory in the management of diabetes.   

Causes of Poor Circulation in Diabetes 

Diabetes patients experience poor circulation especially in their feet due to venous insufficiency. The symptoms of poor blood flow are not apparent. Whether they are apparent or not, poor blood flow can be dangerous. With time, high levels of blood glucose can damage the blood vessels and lead to the buildup of plaque. This can then lead to diabetic neuropathy 

In some diabetics, the vein walls in the legs may lose elasticity and cause the valves to pull apart. Notice that the valves open and close simultaneously to allow for an efficient flow of blood. When they become weak, they fail to close as they should and cause blood to flow in two streams. This creates a pool of blood in the feet leading to peripheral edema.  

Why Should Diabetics Feet be protected? 

People with diabetes often suffer from foot problems. Foot injury can damage the blood vessels leading to poor circulation and exposure to infections. Did you know there is a difference between diabetic socks and diabetic compression socks? Research shows that compression socks keep diabetics’ feet healthy. Mid-level compression socks of 25mmHg reduce the symptoms of edema, pain, and leg discomfort.  

Higher compression levels should be worn with caution. Your level of neuropathy should be the basis of choosing the right pair of socks. If your symptoms are not full-blown, you can select regular compression socks for comfort. podiatrist should help in determining the correct amount of compression your feet need for reduced swelling. A proper fit will require accurate circumference measurements of your calf, ankle, and thigh.   

Diabetics Socks Vs. Compression Socks 

A lot of emphasehave been placed on proper footwear for people suffering from diabetes. It is crucial that the socks a diabetes sufferer wears are of the correct fit and construction. The fibers worn should be even and not leave spots for friction. The sock should fit wellbe non-binding, and not contain lumps. They should also contain moisture wicking features for a minimized risk of infections.  

Most diabetic socks have padding, are soft, and offer comfort to the foot. If you are diabetic without foot problems, you can choose comfortable diabetic socks. Ensure they are not constricting or tight. Diabetics socks aid in the prevention of wounds resulting from injuries, minimize irritations and reduce possible occurrences of other foot problems that may arise from poor blood circulation. 

Compression socks are often recommended because they have favorable features and an added benefit of granulated compression ranging from 18-25mmHg. Should you have visible signs of venous insufficiency such as swelling in the ankles, or varicose veins, consider wearing compression socks to minimize its progression. Because they have soft padding, like diabetic socks, they can wick moisture away If you are diabetic with visible foot problems, and have prolonged periods of traveling or standing, consider getting compression socks instead 

How do Compression Socks Improve Circulation? 

Compression socks are specialized stockings that come with a gradient of pressure. They can be worn from the foot to the knee or the thigh. Some come in the form of tights and can be stretched to the waist. There are also footless socks that can be worn from the ankle to the knee. Whichever type recommended, it only needs to be appropriately worn to minimize swelling and improve venous circulation.  

Compression socks contain strong elasticity that creates pressure in the ankles, feet, and leg muscles. This then forces the flooded blood out of the veins to the heart by mimicking the muscle’s ability to pump blood. Your leg should then feel lighter and relieved of pain and discomfort. The force exerted by the compression stockings encourages a natural flow of blood.   

The stocking must be of the correct size. Should they be too tight, blood flow will be faced with too much restriction, and if the socks are too loose, no pressure will be applied. There are 2 major types including Thromboembolic deterrent hose also known as TED hose and the graduated compression socks. Either type can help reduce pain and enhance circulation.   

How should you Wear Compression Socks? 

If you have diabetes and is causing swelling in your feet, then compression stockings will come in handy. Wear them in the morning before leaving your bed and be sure to have them on all day. Waiting to wear them later could cause blood to collect in your legs resulting in swelling.   

You may, however, remove them when showering. Ensure each pair has bright colors for easy blood detection. Underhand that folding or rolling them up may cut off circulation. Begin from the ankles and find your way up. It is vital to have at least two pairs of compression socks to ensure there is an available clean pair.  

Why do I need Compression Socks? 

Anyone diagnosed with diabetes or prediabetes is at high risk of developing deep vein thrombosis and peripheral edema. Graduated compression socks can offer the pressure needed around the foot to maintain proper blood circulation. Proper circulation of blood improves nerve sensitivity and prevents swelling.  

Diabetes also exposes patients to foot ulcers which can be very painful and even lead to amputation. Cuts and injuries to the foot are likely to go unnoticed as a result of compromised circulation which then reduced the sense of feeling around the feet.  Left untreated, the wounds can then graduate to severe and fatal conditions. Most of the blisters in feet result from poorly fitting shoes and socks. To prevent ulceration and other painful conditions, invest in a well-fitting pair of compression socks. They should have flat seams and extra padding to reduce friction and minimize the eventualities of blisters.  

Diabetic compression socks are effective and recommended for heavily diabetic patients. If your condition is under control, you do not need to purchase the stockings. It is crucial that you only wear lightcolored compressions socks for easier detection of injuries. If you have not received treatment, do so before buying compression socks. Left untreated, diabetes can lead to life-threatening complications such as infected skin ulcers and blood clots. Should you notice signs of poor circulation, report to your doctor immediately for appropriate treatment.  

Guide to the Right Sock Size for your Feet

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Guide to the Right Sock Size for your Feet

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The footwear industry offers many sizes of everyday socks for kids, women, and men. With the wide variety the market offers, picking the correct size can sometimes be pretty confusing. Much like clothing and shoes, sock sizes vary from brand to brand.  If you buy one that is too large, you are likely to experience some discomfort throughout the day. They could also create pressure points in your feet leading to blisters. Socks should fit snugly to prevent bunching and reduce the risk of blisters.  

Sock Fiber Selection 

High-tech socks are your first line of defense against odor and swelling. Because they range by activity, here are some of the varieties to choose from: 

  • Running Socks: These are thin liner socks that come with little padding but dense cushioning in the heel.  
  • Athletic Socks: These range from the traditional gym socks with moisturewicking fabrics to technical ones for cross training with several forms of exercise.  
  • Casual Socks: Are lightweight distinguished by their casual styling. 
  • Hiking Socks: These are lightweight, thin, designed to wick away moisture from the feet. They also come with modest cushioning.  

You can only get the correct size by paying attention to how they fit in the heel and the toe. The key criterion is the length. If the sock you choose is too short, it will slide into your shoe. If it is too long, it could bunch up over your toes. When buying padded socks, carry your shoes along to ensure they fit comfortably  

What Fabric Content should you settle for?  

The fabric content of your socks does matter. Here, understand the pros and cons of each to make a more informed decision.  


This is the most common and more affordable material on the market. If you are an active user, avoid cotton. 100 percent cotton absorbs sweat in your feet, saturates quickly, and dries slowly. When worn for long periods, it can lead to blisters.  It is however comfortable for non-intensive users. For higher aerobic needs, socks with low cotton content are ideal. 

Merino Wool 

If your feet are trapped for hours on end in shoes, breathability and ventilation are critical aspects to ensure your feet are kept dry. Merino wool is highly breathable and can be worn every day on any season. The wool is derived from merino sheep. It is a yarn that is cushiony, incredibly soft, highly durable, and itch-free. It is odor resistant and does not shrink.  


Lyca spandex and Nylon allow your feet to retain their shape and can also offer arch support. Synthetic fibers are commonly used to wick away moisture from your feet. They dry fast, provide cushioning, and are durable. However, they can be a little uncomfortable in hot conditions.  

Sock Sizing for Women and Men 

A standard size for women socks is presented as 9-11. Translated, in the US the shoe size should be about 5-10, European 36-41, and UK 3-8.  The standard size for men’s socks is presented as size 10-13. Translated, in the US the shoe size is 8-12.5, European 42-46, and UK 7-12.  

Knee high socks are common with people who have larger calves. A standard kneehigh pair can fit a calf circumference of about 18 inches, but there are also larger ones of about 21 inches. Understand that simple patterns stretch more. This is because socks with too many patterns tend to have a lot of panels of threads, which can limit stretching.   

A tight band at the ankles is something many people do not like. Although the band can prevent it from sagging, be careful to select a comfortable nonbinding pair. Choose socks with elasticated support around your ankle, over the instep of your foot, the arched part, and along the top of your legs. Such will prevent wrinkling, bunching, and slipping responsible for creating pressure points and blisters 

Choosing and Using Compression Socks 

Compression stockings have been around for some time. They were primarily designed to improve blood flow in diabetic cases, people with deep vein thrombosis (DVT), phlebitis, edema, and varicose veins. Compression stockings are tightly fitting leggings that enable blood to flow freely to the heart without pooling in the lower extremities. The pressure exerted by these socks reduces the risk of clots. Because they come in different magnitude of tightness and sizes, your doctor should help you decide on the right pair.   

What Types of Compression Socks are there? 

There are sleeves and socks, and both cover different parts of your leg.  DVT patients prefer those that go below the knee. They can also wear tights and thigh-highs. Measured in mmHg, compression stockings should have the correct strength and must feel snug but not too tight.  

If you have diabetes, one of the best ways of managing your condition is by investing in comfortable pair of socksBecause they are not made equal, it is crucial to know the characteristics to look for when shopping. Given that diabetics are at risk of suffering from diabetic neuropathy, you want to choose compression socks without seams. You also want socks that absorb moisture to ensure no room of bacterial infections is created in your feet.  

Get the Perfect Fit 

You can only experience the full benefits of compression socks by getting the right compression. The stocking should be tighter at the ankles and decrease gradually toward the knee. Before making your purchase, follow the instructions given by the manufacturer. As long as the stockings are graduated, a pressure of about 15-25 mmHg is ideal.  

Sizing Factors to Remember 

  1. Flat toe seam: The toe seam must lie flat along the top of your toes. It must not lie above or below.
  2. Sock heel at your heel: The sock heel must lie on the heel. Not above or under it.  
  3. Taut across the foot: The sock must be taut across your foot without a sagging around your foot.   

Socks may not be the first wardrobe item you give thought to. It is, however, important to understand that they play a vital role in your everyday life. The moment you buy poor quality socks that do not fit well, your feet may feel discomfort and may also lead to edema.  

Foot Problems Caused by Diabetes and their Treatment

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Foot Problems Caused by Diabetes and their Treatment

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Diabetic foot problems and the complications that come with them require an aggressive multidisciplinary approach for possible limb salvage. Despite the current refinement of medical care, foot problems remain the highest cause of hospitalization among diabetes patients. Foot problems are usually the preceding factors of potential pathologic consequences such as ulceration, destruction of deep tissues, and infections.  

How Does Diabetes Cause Foot Problems? 

Type 1 and 2 diabetes can quickly damage the peripheral nerves and blood vessels resulting in problems in the feet. Peripheral neuropathy and peripheral artery disease (PAD) are to blame for the high risk of foot problems in diabetics. PAD, also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD) means occlusion caused by atherosclerotic plaques of arteries is present. This happens outside the brain and the heart. Diabetes is a significant peripheral artery disease risk factor. With PAD, you are likely to experience pain around the calves when exercising. Should it be at an advanced stage, oxygen may fail to get to the lower extremities, leading to gangrene and ulcers.  

Diabetic Neuropathy 

Diabetes may lead to nerve damage, which results in a numbing sensation in the legs making it hard for the affected person to feel their legs. This condition also makes it hard to feel soreness in the feet, infections, or an injuries. The lack of feeling can then result in an increased risk of cuts, blisters and sores. Lack of immediate treatment may lead to the development of ulcers, gangrene, and infections. Your doctor may recommend amputation if gangrene develops.  

Peripheral Vascular Disease 

PVD affects blood vessels that lead to and from the lower extremities causing a decrease in blood flow. Reduced blood flow causes wounds to heal slowly and can also result in infections and pain. Atherosclerosis may be similar among diabetic and nondiabetic people, but in diabetes, it progresses at an accelerated rate. The primary manifestations of macrovascular disease in people with diabetes are PVD, coronary artery, and cerebrovascular disease. Most diabetes patients with PVD also suffer from coronary artery disease. Should a person living with diabetes develop a severe infection, amputation may be recommended.  


Calluses are common among people with diabetes type 1 and 2 because of the high-pressure spots under the feet. Too much of them mean you need special diabetic shoes. Should they be ignored and not cut down, ulceration sets in. Cutting them unprofessionally can also lead to infection and ulcers. Attempting to remove them with chemical products can cause a burn to your skin. Have them removed by a health specialist.  

Poor Circulation 

If you have diabetes, you are more likely to experience episodes of poor blood circulation. With a poor flow, your feet are unable to fight infections. A diabetic condition tends to narrow and harden the blood vessels in the lower extremities. If you have diabetes, quitting smoking should be your first approach to better manage your condition. Smoking causes the arteries to harden.  

Should you find your feet cold, avoid using hot water, heating pads, and hot water bottles. This is because your feet are likely not to feel the heat and that could result in burning. Instead, wear warm socks.   

Are you diabetic and feel pain in your calves each time you walk on a hard surface or up a hilly surface? You could be suffering from intermittent claudication (pain that occurs as a result of low blood supply to the legs). In such cases, take breaks before advancing, and be sure to let your health provider know. Medication, compression socks, and exercise may be recommended for improved circulation. Simple clues such as cold feet, poor pulse, lack of hair in the feet, and thin skin can signal poor circulation.  


Ulcers happen at the bottom of the big toe or under the feet. Although not every ulcer will hurt, your health provider should examine them. Neglecting ulcers can quickly lead to infections which can then result in amputation. Foot X-rays may be needed to rule out infections in the bone. Infected and dead tissues may be cleaned. It is vital to have ulcers treated promptly to prevent them from getting larger or forcing the infection deeper into your feet. Because high blood sugars make it hard to fight infection, have the levels controlled.  


The examination of a diabetes patient’s feet should be an integral part of self-care dailyNeuropathic alterations such as fissures, dry skin, callus, foot shape abnormalities, nail lesions, prominent veins, and ulceration should be examined. Pay more attention to the interdigital areas. The management of diabetes type 1 and 2 requires a multidisciplinary team approach.  For instance, in ulceration, the removal of unhealthy tissue may help in getting rid of the bacteria colonizing the wound.  

Because foot problems can be limb and life threatening, they must be treated promptly and aggressively. Regular dressing and oral antibiotics may be needed for certain infections. Patients with diabetes are advised to undergo foot examinations at least once a year. Early detection of potential risks can decrease the chances of amputation. It is essential that all diabetes patients wear the right footwear, maintain reasonable glycemic control, and self-examine their feet regularly. If you are diabetic and you are at risk of getting injured, especially around your feet, be sure to minimize the levels of your activitiesControlled blood sugar levels reduce the nerve damage known to cause diabetic foot complications. Should a foot ulcer occur, for instance, controlled blood sugar levels minimize the need to have your foot amputated.   

The treatment of diabetic feet depends on the severity of the wound. Cleaning and removing dead skin and tissue is done to treat superficial ulcers. Should complications be detected, pay more attention to the affected foot to ensure the problem does not advance.  Your foot ulcer, for instance, should be checked by your doctor at least once a week to ensure it is not advancing. If it is found to extend into the deeper layers, hospitalization will be required. During the foot examination, mention any problems you may have noticed. Medical examinations should reveal absent or decreasing reflexes or the inability to sense pressure. Special devices such as a tuning fork may be used to determine the extent of nerve damage.  

Foot problems are common complications among people with diabetes type 1 and 2. Most of the complexities, however, can be prevented through observing a daily foot care regimen  

Foot Care Guidelines for People with Diabetes

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Foot Care Guidelines for People with Diabetes

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The slightest footsore, blister, or bug bite in people with diabetes can quickly result in long stretches of hospitalization with a dangling end result of an amputated limb. Diabetic foot problems are characterized by neuropathy, infection, and ischemia.   

Foot ulcer is common, estimated to affect about 15 percent of all patients with diabetes, with about 20 percent of the cases proceeding to amputation.  Peripheral sensory neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease are the two largest factors of foot ulcer risk.   

The reason why amputation counts are high, is because of late presentation of foot problems by diabetes patients and ignorance of diabetic foot careCirculation problems, infections, and nerve damage can also cause serious foot problems in diabetics. For this reason, experts recommend daily foot care for people with type 1 and 2 diabetes.   

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle 

Following a proper foot care regimen and observing a healthy lifestyle can help your feet to stay healthy. That includes: 

  • Monitoring your blood sugar every day 
  • Regular medical exams 
  • Daily foot checks 
  • Monitoring your ABCs (A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol)
  • Regular exercise 
  • Eating a balanced diet 

If you have diabetes and your feet are cold, numb or prone to infections or your toes are sore and tingly, you could be suffering from a diabetes-related foot problem.  

Daily Foot Care Routine 

The following are some of the foot care habits people living with diabetes need to adapt to ensure their feet are in good health 

1. Foot Check Regimen

Take off your shoes and socks and inspect every part of your feet including the top and bottom of your toes. If you have trouble seeing the back of your feet, ask a friend to hold the mirror for you. Check for the following: 

  • Dry cracking skin 
  • Calluses and corns 
  • A change of temperature or color 
  • Athletes foot or rashes 
  • Signs of infection, pain, or swelling 
  • Ingrown toenails, blisters, or a rubbed area by your shoe 

Should you discover any redness, blisters, cuts, bruises, or sores, and suffer from diabetes type1 or 2, report to your doctor immediately.  

2. Protect your Feet and Toe Nails

The feet of a diabetic person should be washed every day with warm water and mild soap. Harsh soaps and hot water can damage your sensitive skin. Dry your feet gently including between your toes using a soft towel. Before dipping your feet in the water, test its temperature using your elbow or fingers. Diabetes can result in neuropathy which can make it hard for you to determine the heat of the water with your feet.  

Identify a moisturizer brand right for your skin and rub it in gently after drying your feet. The moisturizer should prevent cracking and drying. However, do not use any lotion between your toes. Lotion can trigger athlete’s foot infections in people with diabetes  

With the help of enough lighting, trim your toenails slightly above the skin without rounding the corners to prevent the risk of an ingrown toenail. However, if you are not confident about cutting, your doctor can help you trim them including calluses and corns. Understand that nerve problems, visual incapacity, and circulatory issues in the feet may make it unsafe to trim your toes.  

Foot Habits to Observe 

The right foot care habits can help you maintain the health of your feet in a diabetic condition. Some of the healthy ideas to observe include: 

  • Avoiding a heating pad, electric blanket, and hot water bottle to keep your feet warm 
  • Keeping off antiseptic solutions without the approval of your healthcare provider 
  • Protecting your feet from cold and hot conditions 
  • Avoiding walking barefoot 
  • Not sitting down with your legs crossed or standing in one position for extended periods

Find the Right Shoes and Socks 

Your shoes must fit comfortably. Avoid wearing flip flops, open-toe and pointedtoe shoes, high-heels, tight shoes hoping they will stretch with time, and walking barefoot. Your feet can only be protected from damage if you wear shoes that fit well together with dry socks. When looking for footwear, choose comfort. Your feet should be measured carefully in an athletic or comfort shoe store.  

Materials that do not allow your skin to breathe, such as plastic should be avoided. The best choices for a diabetes patient are natural fibers and leather. Your footwear must be inspected before wearing for a torn lining, stuck nails, and tacks. podiatrist specializing in diabetic foot care may be recommended, or your doctor could advise you to wear special shoes for cases with advanced foot problem.  

Diabetes socks should help in creating an extra layer of soft protection. They should, however, be dry, clean, or non-binding pantyhose. The best socks for a person living with diabetes have no seams. Seams cause additional pressure points and tend to rub the skin, causing the skin to tearIf your feet are cold at night, you can wear regular socks but avoid compression stockings. Compression socks should only be worn during the day and taken off when going to bed. 

Early Warning Signs of Foot Problems 

  • Lost sensation to cold, touch, or heat 
  • Painful or tingling feet 
  • Loss of hair in the lower legs 
  • Change of color in the feet 
  • Ingrown toenails, red spots, sores, and blisters 

Should these signs be noticed, consult your doctor immediately to prevent the occurrence of serious foot problems. Your doctor will inspect your feet for nerve damage, deformations, skin changes, and circulatory problems.  

Diabetes Complications

Diabetic people are at risk of developing foot problems resulting from neuropathy and poor circulation. Neuropathy (nerve damage) results in a lack of feeling in the feet, meaning a diabetic patient with this problem does not feel pain and lacks the ability to detect an injury. Elevated blood glucose levels can damage the nerves creating callused pressure points which could then injure soft tissue, joints, bones, and the skin.   

With poor circulation, the healing process is delayed making it tough for the feet to resist infection. Your doctor should, however, help in the prevention of amputation. Today, many surgical techniques can be applied, including wound healing technologies and joint reconstruction to save your feet. Seeking immediate medical attention the moment you notice a problem with your feet can halt the advancement of small foot problems.  

People living with diabetes are at a high risk of developing foot complications including bunions, gangrene (death and decay of tissue), and other foot deformities ranging from a surface wound to deep infectionsEven a simple problem, such as a cut could quickly get worse and lead to amputation. Sometimes, even with prompt treatment and preventative care, infections and serious complications could occur. The complication could result the removal of the infected tissue, or even an amputation to save a limb.  

Finding Humor in Diabetes for a Healthier You

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Finding Humor in Diabetes for a Healthier You

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Diabetes being a life-long disease is no joke, but given the implications of humor and laughter on health, it might help to have a little bit of fun. According to the International Diabetes Federation, the 2017 global diabetes atlas recorded 425 million diabetic people, with the number expected to rise to 629 million by 2045.  

Apart from a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy eating habits, psychological stress can increase the severity of diabetes. Research shows that diabetes patients improvtheir odds for a longer life by developing an elevated sense of humor. Humor has also been found to have a positive effect on pain and discomfort, blood pressure, depression, and anxiety.  

What’s not funny about Diabetes? 

Suffering from a chronic disease like diabetes can be a serious matter. Diabetic patients suffer from many adverse effects including kidney failure, stroke, heart attack, and blindness. Iisn’t funny when you wake up in the middle of the night drenched in sweat with a glucose level of 36 mg/dL and have to stumble to the kitchen for a glass of juice to save your life.  

Because diabetes is a chronic diseasethese effects may be experienced for the rest of the patient’s life. Long-term illnesses lead to chronic stress which can then increase the adrenaline of stress hormones and cortisol. Adrenaline instructs your liver to pump more glucose into the bloodstream, while cortisol tells your body to resist insulin. The two hormones boost the body’s inflammatory effect which speedup the advancement of illnesses detrimental to diabetes including cardiovascular disease.  

With type 2 diabetes, you are likely to experience an increase in inflammatory cytokines responsible for insulin resistance. Therapeutic humor is a tool that can help diabetes patients to deal with their suffering and pain. Humor and laughter have been found to reduce complications related to diabetes. Clinical studies show that a positive mood improves the cardiac autonomic function of glycemic control. It also drastically reduces episodes of cardiovascular events and boosts cognitive function.   

Therapeutic Humor and its Effects in Diabetes 

Fear, anxiety, and sorrow are the 3 main factors known to elevate the levels of blood glucose. Conversely, laughter and humor have been found to stabilize the levels of blood sugar linked to negative emotions. Humor enhances communication and offers positive social and psychological benefits.  

These benefits can prove useful to people who have diabetes. Laughter and humor are sure ways of coping with diabetes and it influences the body’s biochemistry. This ensures that the chemical messages released, works for you and not against you.  

Psychological Effects 

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that can adversely affect the quality of life. Psychological stressors tend to create a bidirectional effect in controlling the disease. Pressure can then increase the risk of its severity through the stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA), parasympathetic withdrawal, and sympathetic axes which then heighten norepinephrine, cortisol, epinephrine, leptin, and the growth of hormones. The activation of HPA is linked to poor control of blood sugar and diabetes complications such as diabetic neuropathy. Chronic stress can result in hypertension, insulin resistance, and an increased risk of CVD.  

If you have diabetes and you are able to keep your blood sugars under control, this would help in decreasing the onset of kidney disease. Several studies suggest that patients with prediabetes and diabetes record a reduced level of blood glucose after watching a funny movie for about 30 minutes.  In a different study, patients with diabetes and those without the disease were exposed to a 6-months regimen of watching funny videos at least once a week. At the start of the study, the renin levels of diabetics were seen to be higher than those of non-diabetics. In the third month, the levels of renin and angiotensin had dropped drastically. Researchers then concluded that laughter therapy could be used by diabetics as a non-pharmacologic treatment to prevent microvascular complications.  

Sources of Humor 

Diabetes patients tend to feel isolated. Pain, restricted diets, and treatment can accelerate the feelings of self-pity which can then elevate the blood sugar levels.  But how do you find the humor when life has too many frustrations?  

Media Outlets: There are many comedies and funny movies on the internet, theatre, TV, and radio. A hilarious show can be an easy way of attracting laughter into your life.  

Laugh with friends: Did you know that laughter is contagious? Research shows that people are about 30 times more likely to be swayed into laughter. Attending parties can be a great laughter setup.  

Humor as a Form of Exercise 

Laughter is a form of exercise that can effectively reduce stress and help in controlling diabetes. It offers an effective cardio workout, that accelerates the heart rate for better stabilization of blood sugars. Abdominal stretching stemming from laughter is believed to play a significant role in the regeneration of pancreatic cells. Because the diaphragm is the only muscle attached to other tissues in the body, all other internal organs are jogged when you laugh.   

A good laugh stretches the diaphragm, tones the midsection, respiratory accessory, back muscles, abdominal organs, muscular-skeletal system, and intestinal tract. It is also a great cardio activity for the lungs and the heart.  Laughter is a low impact exercise that burns calories, boosts lymph and blood circulation, and enhances the flow of oxygen in the body. It can, in turn, improve the sensitivity for β-cells, the secretion of insulin, and blood supply to the muscles. Because hormonal homeostasis is in the process improved, glycemic control is experienced. Humor is a therapy that also reduces proinflammatory responses and improves immune function.   

Although diabetes is a chronic illness presented with many life stressors, humor can be considered a form of exercise that can make it easier to control blood sugar levelsIt acts positively on the body and the mind and can improve flexibility and mobility. Humor as therapy is known to change various neurotransmitters and hormones. Joy and euphoria occur due to an increase in the β-endorphin, dopamine, and serotonin levels. Humor and laughter also reduce postprandial blood sugar, fasting blood sugar, anti-diabetic drug requirement, and hemoglobin A1c.  

Choose the right Socks for your Swollen Feet

Choose the right Socks for your Swollen Feet

Choose the right Socks for your Swollen Feet

Choose the right Socks for your Swollen Feet

Swelling of the legs and feet often occur due to edema, diabetes, or foot injury, all of which can be extremely uncomfortable with the wrong footwear. Podiatrists and chiropodists recommend specialist socks for such cases to eliminate the restriction that could cut off the flow of blood. If you are struggling with aches resulting from swelling, appropriate socks can be a game changing addition to your wardrobe.  

There are several measures that can be employed, some as aggressive as surgery to repair blocked drainage system. The most popular solution to swollen feet is the snug-fitting compression socks. Compression socks are non-invasive and are readily available.  

These socks use granulated pressure, vital for increasing the flow of blood to the lower extremities. Compression socks, when worn all day, can reduce and prevent swelling associated with disease, standing/sitting for long or traveling.  

Compression Levels Right For Your Feet 

Compression socks are medical grade devices designed to boost the flow of blood to and from your feet. They come in different lengths. For instance, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) sufferers would require socks that go below the knee, but there are also thigh-high varieties. Although these socks should feel snug, they should not be painfully tight.   

Measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), these come in multiple support levels from mild, medium, firm, and x-firm.  

  • Mild compression (8-15 mmHg) – Provides relief to achy legs and relieves minor swelling of feet, ankles, and legs. 
  • Medium (15-20 mmHg) – Gives relief to moderate varicose veins and minor swelling of the feet. It also helps in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis. 
  • Firm (20-30 mmHg) – Relieves moderate to severe varicose veins and helps in the treatment of severe edema.  
  • Extra firm (30-40 mmHg) – Helps in the prevention of severe varicose veins and treats severe edema. 

Compression therapy stockings should be put on in the morning before swelling occurs and then removed before getting to bed at night. The pressure exerted on the legs by the stockings causes your blood vessels to work better. Arteries responsible for carrying oxygen-rich blood to the muscles also relax, allowing for a free flow of blood.  

When worn during the day, blood is prevented from pooling in legs and forming a clot. Understand that clots can break and be carried by the blood to your vital organs such as lungs.  Should the clot travel to the deep veins, pulmonary embolism, a life-threatening condition can set in.  

Before purchasing these graduated stockings, it is advisable that you get a recommendation from your doctor to get the right grade.  

How should you Wear Compression Stockings? 

Compression stockings must be smoothed out to ensure they lie against your skin. Do not roll them because doing so could cause blood flow problems. Folding or rolling can also cut off circulation. If you have serious swelling issues and your doctor recommends them, wear the socks throughout the day but take them off when you shower or when going to sleep.  

Compression Stocking Styles 

High-quality compression stockings offer maximum pressure to your legs from the ankle to the upper calf. Style is a variable to consider, given that they range from ankle-high to full height. People with knee pain, for instance, will want to choose thigh-high stockings while those suffering from heel pain will select the foot-sleeve variety.  

Here, we discuss the 2 best compression socks that offer firm pressure without sagging, yet are comfortable and effective. 

1. Knee-high Compression Stockings 

These socks come in a variety of thicknesses. You can find them in ultra-thin sheer pantyhose material or thick cotton. They are available in the open and closed versions and come in varying colors.  

 2. Thigh High Compression Socks 

These are worn when compression is needed on either one or both legs. They also come in variations of closed and open toe options with varying colors and fabrics to choose from. 

What to Consider when Buying Socks for your Swollen Feet 

Materials used in socks vary by brand. The three most common are spandex, rubber, and Lycra. Personal comfort is vital, so try each to make a perfect pick. Specialist socks are made from cotton and nylon and can make a huge difference for people suffering from swollen feet.  

Time invested in selecting the right type of socks is vital. Here are some of the features you need to pay attention to: 

  • Non-elastic and non-constrictive top: Regular socks have elastic which can leave sock marks and cause discomfort and pain. With swollen feet, purchase socks with a loose nonconstrictive mesh to ensure blood flow is not restricted.  
  • Fitting socks: The socks must fit your shoe size and should contain extra material to accommodate the swollen foot.  
  • Cushion sole: Get socks with padding to reduce irritation on your sensitive pressure points such as the ankle or the sole of your foot.  The socks should have the right cushioning. Too much cushioning can also be very uncomfortable.  
  • Breathable socks: Purchase socks made from natural fiber such as merino wool or cotton for proper air circulation around your feet. This will prevent the occurrence of blisters and irritation.  
  • Seamless toe socks: A lot of modern socks have seams across the area surrounding the toe. The seams can irritate, especially if you have swollen feet. The socks you buy should have a flat seam. 

What should you do about your Swollen Feet? 

The first measure is to check with a medical expert. Swollen feet can be a signal of a serious underlying condition such as heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. If you are already diagnosed with diabetes, here are a few cautions to observe.  

  • Never walk barefoot 
  • Do not cross your legs while sitting. Doing so can reduce the circulation of blood to your feet 
  • Only wear socks and shoes with the features recommended for diabetics 
  • Wear fitting footwear. The shoes you wear must not put pressure to your feet 

If you have an illness that is leading to the swelling and have not had treatment, compression socks cannot be used as a diagnosis before a physician is consulted. While occasional sore feet are common, swollen feet must not be ignored especially when just one leg has the swelling.  

Are There Health Implications of Wearing Socks All the Time?

Are There Health Implications of Wearing Socks All the Time?

Are There Health Implications of Wearing Socks All the Time?

Are There Health Implications of Wearing Socks All the Time?

Did you know that the muscles in your feet have a count of 38 making up approximately 25 percent of all muscles in your body? Did you also know that your feet absorb 1000 pounds of force every day? Well, that goes to say that poor foot habits can quickly lead to significant health problems.  

Perhaps the question bugging your mind is; is wearing socks all the time bad for my feet? Wearing socks all day is good for the health of your feet, but putting on tight ones can be dangerous. Tight socks can result in swollen feet by the end of the day and may contribute to poor blood circulation.  

The Effects of Wearing Tight Socks All Day 

If you
 wear tight socks all day, what you notice by the time you are taking them off is swelling around the area where they end. When you take off your socks and notice marks around your feet, it should be an obvious sign that they are too tight. There are various negative effects that come with this.  


Edema is the 
swelling of feet resulting from fluid accumulation. The most common is peripheral edema which is mostly characterized by swollen feet and legs. This is whereby poor circulation causes fluid to collect under the skin towards the lower extremities. Edema can cause numbness in your feet.  

Poor Blood Circulation 

Very tight socks can cause circulatory issue
s. When it occurs, you may feel pain in the legs and ankles. Tight socks can increase the risk of varicose veins or worsen them. Varicose veins may cause your legs to swell and feel heavy.  

Athlete’s Foot 

Wearing tight socks for an extended period can result in athlete’s foot. It is a condition caused by a fung
us that thrives in moist and warm conditions. If you wear tight socks for long, it can bring about fungal growth between your toes. 

They trap sweat, so this moist environment is optimal for fungi to thriveAs the growth of fungi happens, the skin pushes older cells further away and develops new ones. Wet socks, when worn for long, can also result in the development of fungal infection.   

Regular Sock Rules 

If you have never really given thought to what you wrap around your feet, it might be time to rethink in terms of fabric, texture, and size. How you protect your feet from 
perspiration is the most crucial point to take note of

Consider the height and the width of your foot before purchasing socks. Wearing ones made from 100 percent natural material such as wool or cotton would give you the comfort and wick moisture away from your feet. 

Avoid those made from synthetic material and ensure the band is not too tight around your legs. This will give room for better blood circulation. Band lines can cause irritation and redness on the skin. If the socks you are wearing are too uncomfortably tight for your feet, they will leave marks on the skin. Should you notice these marks, loosen the elasticity of the socks by stretching them.  

Should you Wear Shoes without Socks All Day? 

Are you guilty of wearing shoes without socks for long periods? 
Despite being a trend that is already making a statement particularly for men who pair the look with casual attire, it is a habit that encourages the development of fungal infections. Coupled with poorly designed footwear, sockless feet can result in severe foot conditions.  

Because wearing shoes without socks for long periods can cause your feet to sweat excessively, fungal infections are likely to thrive leading to smelly and painful feet. Understand that most shoe designs today are made from non-breathable synthetic material. If the material cannot allow your feet to breathe, moisture and bacteria are trapped in.  

Note that friction around the toes and heels will increase the risk of ingrown toenails and other defects. Because the fungus thrives in dark and moist conditions and can survive long periods in your shoes, you risk re-infecting yourself even after clearing the problem. This risk can be avoided by wearing the right socks each time you have closed shoes on.  

Who Should Wear Compression Socks? 

Because compression socks improve blood flow, 
people wear them for comfort during sports and also prevent the acceleration of certain medical conditions such as diabetes. 

If you spend long hours traveling, standing or sitting, you should also have a pair or two of compression socks. You do not have to experience the symptoms of venous insufficiency to wear them all day. Even athletes and people experiencing feet restlessness wear them.  

If you are pregnant, you are likely to develop venous insufficiency. This is because pregnancy leads to an increased volume of blood flow which can then exert pressure on the veins. During the last months of pregnancy, venous insufficiency is mostly characterized by swollen and achy legs. Compression socks offer consistent pressure encouraging blood to flow upwards and back to the heart.  

The graduated varieties exert more pressure around the ankles to prevent swelling. It is a technology that reduces the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT is a life-threatening clot that develops in the deep veins. Should the clot break and block the flow of blood in one of the arteries leading to the lungs, pulmonary embolism, a fatal condition is likely to occur.  

There are a few exceptions to compression socks. If you suffer from nerve damage, peripheral arterial disease, dermatitis, massive swelling of the feet, pulmonary edema, or a condition that affects skin sensation, you should wear these socks under the close supervision of your doctor. 

Given that the socks have different pressure ratings from mild, moderate, and high, you might want to get a recommendation from your health provider.   

Socks can be worn all day as long as they have the right fabric and are breathable. Get the right pair of socks for the condition of your feet. For example, if you struggle with sweaty and smelly feet, get moisture wicking socks. The right pair of socks would ensure that your feet are comfortable all the time.